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5国语言达人老外: 听歌学外语只需5步

英语口语2018-08-31 13:33:16

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Jimmy's Note


It’s a well-known fact that music can be an effective tool for learning a foreignlanguage. Like original-version films, song lyrics are a good source ofvocabulary and expressions that you can memorize—and have fun doing so.Furthermore, listening to or humming foreign songs helps you improve yourpronunciation

众所周知,音乐是学习外语一种有效的工具。就如同原版电影一样,歌词里的丰富词汇和表达供你记忆,——并且能让你乐在其中。不仅如此,听或者哼唱外语歌曲能够改善你的发音。

Hereare 5 steps to optimizing your learning with music and enjoying yourself at thesame time.

以下是能够让你在享受音乐的同时优化外语学习的五个步骤。


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听歌学外语只需5步

1. Choose a songthat you like

选一首你喜欢的歌曲

Youdonthave to go out of your way to find music to listen to. Instead, you shouldstart with songs that you already listen to. Then, look up the lyrics to thesongs you like

你不必花费额外的精力去寻找音乐来听,而是应该从你已经听过的歌曲开始,然后开始查阅你所喜欢的歌曲歌词。

Youcould listen to your favourite foreign-language song dozens of times per daywithout actually paying attention to the content or the meaning of the lyrics.I think by now you’re aware that repetition is one of the most importantfactors to learning a foreign language

你可以每天把你最喜爱的外语歌曲在毫不注意歌词内容和意思的情况下听上几十次。写道这里,我觉得你应该已经意识到了重复做工是学习一门外语最重要的因素之一。

2. Try to sing orhum the song without looking

尽量不看歌词听歌哼曲

Ifyou want to improve your pronunciation, you should sing the song—trying yourbest to pronounce the words properly—without reading the lyrics. In fact, assoon as you try to sing the song by reading the lyrics, you’ll pick back upyour bad pronunciation habits. Its O.K. if you dontunderstand the meaning of what youre singing: The point of thisstep is to pronounce the words well

如果你想要完善你的发音,你应该唱出这首歌曲——竭尽所能去正确地发出每个单词的读音,而不是读歌词。实际上,一旦你念着歌词唱歌,就等于在重拾你那糟糕的发音习惯。即使你不明白你所唱的歌词内容也无所谓:这一步骤的关键是正确的发音。

Auser pointed out to me in a comment that an extra step could be to try to writedown the lyrics while you’re listening to the song. This is a great exerciseand should fit into this process as Step 2B! (However, this step likelyrequires you to have reached an intermediate level of language

一个用过这种方法的人在评论里告诉我,必须要再加一个步骤——那就是在你听歌的同时写下歌词。这的确是一种很棒的练习方法,可以作为步骤2.5(然而,这个步骤可能需要你的语言水平已达到中等。)

3. Look up thelyrics

查阅歌词

Next,you can look up the lyrics on the Internet.

接下来你就可以在网上查阅歌词了。

Ifyou use iTunes, you should install a software program that scans your musiclibrary and automatically adds the lyrics to your MP3 files. If you have a PC,I recommend the software program called LyricsFetcher; if you have a Mac, Irecommend Get Lyrical. These programs make it possible for you to see the songlyrics directly on your phone or iPod as youre listening to the music

你若使用iTunes,则应安装一款程序,能够浏览你的音乐库,然后自动将歌词添加到你的MP3文件中。若你用个人电脑,那么我建议你安装LyricsFetcher程序;如果是Mac,我建议Get Lyrical。这些软件能让你在手机或者iPod上听音乐的时候直接看到歌词。

Thisway, even when you’re out and about, you can listen to your favourite music andread the lyrics at the same time!

这样的话,即使当你在外到处走动,你也可以在听你最爱的音乐同时阅读歌词啦!

4. Listen to thesong while reading the lyrics

边听歌边看歌词

Whenyou actually listen to the music with the lyrics, youllbe surprised at how many words and phrases you already knew, but just hadntrealized until now. (Its not always easy to understand thelyrics of a foreign-language song on your own

当你看着歌词听音乐的时候,你会惊讶地发现你已经知道那么多单词和词组,只是你还没有意识到罢了。(靠自己来理解一首歌的歌词往往并不容易。)

Focuson the phrases that you find most interesting, or perhaps just the refrain.Even if you only know the refrains of your favourite songs, that’s enough foryou to learn hundreds of foreign-language words and phrases. Here are someexamples:

把注意力放在你认为最有趣的词组上,或者仅仅是副歌部分也可以。即使你只知道你最爱的那些歌曲的副歌部分,那也足够让你学到上百个外语单词和词组了。以下是一些例子:

Anyways,everyone has their own tastes—the point is to choose songs you like!

不管怎样,每个人都有自己独特的品味——关键是选择自己喜欢的歌曲!

5. Listen to thesong again and sing along

反复听歌并跟唱

Nowthat you know the words and have grasped the general meaning of the song, youcan continue to listen to the song while singing along. Once you’re fixed onyour favourite song, you’ll certainly want to sing it while driving or taking ashower, for example. (Personally, these are the only places where I do mycatastrophic performances :-)) Before you know it, you’ll have memorized thesong!

既然现在你已经认识了这些单词,且能把握这首歌曲的大意,你可以继续听且跟着唱了。一旦你专注于你最爱的那首歌时,你肯定会不由自主地在开车、洗澡或者其他时候唱出来。(就我个人而言,这也是我开始自己“毁灭性表演”的场所)在你还没意识到的时候,自己已经牢牢记住了这首歌哦!

Repetitionis one of the fundamental pillars of memorization. If you follow these 5 steps,I can guarantee that you’ll significantly improve. Learning a language withmusic is fun and takes minimal effort. It’s a nice complement to MosaLingua’sspaced repetition system

重复是记忆的基本支柱之一。如果你遵循这五个步骤,我可以向你保证你将会有显著的进步。跟着音乐学习语言不仅是一件趣事也是一件易事。这也是对于MosaLingua间歇重复记忆法很好的补充。

Onetip I have for language learners is to alternate between seriouslearning(e.g. the MosaLingua application or grammar lessons) and fun activities (music,films, etc).This will help you continue practising without losing your attention orconcentration or getting tired. You may be really surprised at your results!

我对于语言学习者有一个建议,即“正经学习”(如:MosaLingua应用或者语法课程)和“娱乐活动”(如:电影,音乐等等)交替进行。将有助你持续练习却不至注意力不集中、感到疲惫。你会为你的成效感到惊讶哦!


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